Your vehicle braking apparatus contains several parts that work together to stop the vehicle whenever you want. There are metallic discs behind each wheel that are known as rotors. The calipers are found above the rotors.
When you press your brake pedal, the calipers squeeze the rotors and produce friction, thus bringing the car to a halt. Brake pads are the parts that make contact with the rotors to reduce your vehicle’s speed. The calipers house the brake pads.
The continuous friction that the brake pads experience causes them to wear out. Failing to change your brake pads puts yourself and other road users at risk. Fortunately, there are signs that can help you know when you need to change your brake pads. Below, we will cover those indicators.
1. Unusual Noises
This is one of the easiest ways to know you need new brakes. You may hear sharp squeaking noises whenever you press your brake pedal. The noises sound like a metal surface is rubbing against another metal surface. It is vital to respond immediately to avoid more damage and costly repair.
However, not all squeaking noises indicate your brake pads are worn-out. Sometimes, brake dust may enter between the rotor and pad, causing this noise. To confirm whether your brakes need replacing, you will need to look out for more signs alongside the squeaking noise.
You may also hear a clicking noise when you need new brake pads. Usually, the brake pads are held in place by clips, pins, or bolts. Other auto manufacturers create a special holding device for them. These apparatuses hold the brake pads in place and prevent them from wobbling. When they wear out, they become loose. As a result, you will hear a clicking sound when you push or release the brake pedal.
2. The Brake Pedal Vibrates When You Press It
Whenever your brake pedal vibrates when you press it, it shows the brake rotors are warped and have lost their smoothness. Heat buildup due to extreme use causes warped rotors. For instance, if you continually use your brakes on a slope while carrying a heavy load.
3. Less Responsive Brakes
Usually, your brake pedal is firm when you press it. However, if the pedal extends all the way like a clutch pedal, your brake’s hydraulic system is in trouble. A leaking brake line or low brake fluid levels in the master cylinder could be the reason. A faulty brake booster system could also be the culprit.
4. Your Car Moves to One Side When You Brake
One wheel’s brake pad may wear out faster than the other. As a result, the nose of your car pulls to one side when you press the brake pedal. It is not wise to ignore this issue as it may damage your steering knuckles, wheel bearings, and ball joints. However, other issues can cause your vehicle to move to one side. Therefore, it is important to take your car to a professional to diagnose it accurately.