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The brutal campaign to suppress the Mau Mau rebellion in Kenya took place during her reign, but in what sense was she responsible for that? Elizabeth was a “figurehead,” to use the word Boris Johnson used in her eulogy, and as such she served as a distraction from the brutal acts necessary to preserve a failing empire. That was her job, and she did it very well.
The classic Western narrative is that Napoleon had to retreat because of the Russian winter, his forces beaten down by the harsh climate. The standard Russian view is that Napoleon was met by a different natural force – patriotism, which drove ordinary people to take up arms against the French invaders, complementing the efforts of the regular army.