Health Editor’s Note: While harmful for those who breath the air laden with minerals (sand), the flow of sand from the Sahara is beneficial for other portions of the world……Carol Sand is carried to the Amazon.
Dust Toll In Africa Exceeds Deaths From HIV
American Geophysical Union: Submitted by Carol A. Clark
In Africa, air pollution causes the premature deaths of about 780,000 people each year, potentially more than HIV infection, a new study estimates.
Mineral dust from the Sahara desert is the largest contributor to air quality-related mortality on the continent overall according to the new study in AGU’s Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres.
“It’s just the sheer amount of material and also how it co-locates with the densely populated parts of Western Africa. These two things together make mineral dust a bigger health threat than anything that’s anthropogenic or coming from the industrial development,” said Susanne Bauer, a researcher specializing in aerosols and climate modeling at NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies in New York, and the lead author of the new study.
Carol graduated from Riverside White Cross School of Nursing in Columbus, Ohio and received her diploma as a registered nurse. She attended Bowling Green State University where she received a Bachelor of Arts Degree in History and Literature. She attended the University of Toledo, College of Nursing, and received a Master’s of Nursing Science Degree as an Educator.
She has traveled extensively, is a photographer, and writes on medical issues. Carol has three children RJ, Katherine, and Stephen – one daughter-in-law; Katie – two granddaughters; Isabella Marianna and Zoe Olivia – and one grandson, Alexander Paul. She also shares her life with her husband Gordon Duff, many cats, and two rescues.