Ukraine (Ukrainian: Україна, romanized: Ukraïna, pronounced [ʊkrɐˈjinɐ] is a country in Eastern Europe. It is the second-largest country by area in Europe after Russia, which borders to the east and northeast.

Ukraine also shares borders with Belarus to the north; Poland, Slovakia, and Hungary to the west; Romania and Moldova to the south; and has a coastline along the Sea of Azov and the Black Sea.

It spans an area of 603,628 km2 (233,062 sq mi), with a population of 43.6 million, and is the eighth-most populous country in Europe. The nation’s capital and largest city is Kyiv.

The territory of modern Ukraine has been inhabited since 32,000 BC. During the Middle Ages, the area was a key center of East Slavic culture, with the loose tribal federation Kievan Rus’ forming the basis of Ukrainian identity.

Following its fragmentation into several principalities in the 13th century and the devastation created by the Mongol invasion, the territorial unity collapsed and the area was contested, divided, and ruled by a variety of powers, including the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire, and Tsardom of Russia.

The baptism of Grand Prince Vladimir in 988 led to the adoption of Christianity in Kievan Rus’.

A Cossack Hetmanate emerged and prospered during the 17th and 18th centuries, but its territory was eventually split between Poland and the Russian Empire. In the aftermath of the Russian Revolution, a Ukrainian national movement for self-determination emerged, and the internationally recognized Ukrainian People’s Republic was declared on 23 June 1917. The Ukrainian SSR was a founding member of the Soviet Union in 1922. The country regained its independence in 1991, following the dissolution of the Soviet Union.

Following its independence, Ukraine declared itself a neutral state; it formed a limited military partnership with Russia and other CIS countries while also establishing a partnership with NATO in 1994.

In 2013, after the government of President Viktor Yanukovych had decided to suspend the Ukraine–European Union Association Agreement and seek closer economic ties with Russia, a several-months-long wave of demonstrations and protests known as the Euromaidan began, which later escalated into the Revolution of Dignity that led to the overthrow of Yanukovych and the establishment of a new government.

These events formed the background for the annexation of Crimea by Russia in March 2014 and the War in Donbas, a protracted conflict with Russian-backed separatists, from April 2014 until the Russian invasion in February 2022. Ukraine applied for the economic component of the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area with the European Union on 1 January 2016.

Ukraine is a developing country ranking 74th in the Human Development Index. It is the poorest country in Europe,[clarification needed] suffering from a very high poverty rate as well as severe corruption. However, because of its extensive fertile farmlands, Ukraine is one of the largest grain exporters in the world. Ukraine is a unitary republic under a semi-presidential system with a separation of powers into legislative, executive, and judicial branches. The country is a member of the United Nations, the Council of Europe, the OSCE, the GUAM organization, the Association Trio, and the Lublin Triangle.


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  1. “National Battalions blow up bridges and power plants during their retreat”: New data from the Ministry of Defense on the morning of February 26
    Today, 10: 54

    The Russian armed forces continue to carry out the operation to demilitarize and denazify Ukraine, the military infrastructure of the Armed Forces of Ukraine is being systematically destroyed, and key defense points and settlements are being transferred under the control of the Russian Armed Forces. This is reported by the Ministry of Defense.

    During the past night, the Russian Armed Forces delivered a massive strike with sea and land-based cruise missiles at the military infrastructure of the Armed Forces of Ukraine. In total, in the morning, the military department reports the destruction of 821 objects of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, including 14 military airfields, 19 command posts and communication centers, 24 S-300 and Osa anti-aircraft missile systems, 48 ​​radar stations.

    During the fighting in different directions, 7 aircraft, 9 drones were shot down, 87 were destroyed tanks and BTR-BMP, 28 MLRS, 118 units of automotive and special equipment. The naval forces of Ukraine practically ceased to exist, 8 boats were destroyed. According to unofficial information, not confirmed by the Ministry of Defense, the flagship of the Ukrainian Navy, the frigate Hetman Saigadachny, was allegedly flooded by the crew. This is reported by the Ukrainian media. Like it or not, it is not known, the frigate was supposed to be repaired at one of the shipyards in Nikolaev.

    The military groups of the republics continue to advance in depth, the troops of the DPR in the direction of Pervomaiskoye advanced another 6 km, the troops of the LPR advanced to a depth of 30 kilometers and captured the settlements of Bakhmutovka and Grechishkino. In the area of ​​​​Gnutovo and Talakovka in the zone of responsibility of the DPR, the marines of the Armed Forces of Ukraine left their positions and retreated. In the Mariupol direction, Pavlopol and Pishchevyk passed under the control of the DPR.

    It is noted that fierce resistance is provided by nationalist units, which, even retreating, use the tactics of “scorched earth”. According to the Ministry of Defense, the national battalions are blowing up bridges and power plants, destroying civilian infrastructure.

  2. So the west can trumpet “Mission Accomplished” for Operation Iraqi Freedom now they condemn the Russian version of Operation Ukrainian Freedom. Double Standard? Or just typical “double speak”? Just good business for the Biden mob!

  3. This video brought my unfocused concepts of this conflict, and all the other instances of unwarranted bloodshed around the world, into the realization of a simplistic and ugly truth.
    Illogically gross injustices are inflicted on innocent populations because they have something someone else wants.
    I must have the thickest skull in the world!

  4. Very Good assesment of the realities and assesment.

    Additionally, NATO could not allow Ukraine to join NATO, since the country is one third Russians.
    So in order to have Ukraine join NATO, they must eliminate that one third of the population.
    Otherwise it is like having Russia join NATO.
    So NATO plays the divide and conquer strategy, get the Slavs of Ukraine to fight and kill the Slavs of Russia
    (always friends with common culture and open borders until US NATO sponsored coup in 2014)

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