Goshen of Arabia: Delivering Egypt from the Exodus


By Dr. Ashraf Ezzat

If the Exodus of the Israelites was a historical story, then surely it did not take place in ancient Egypt …  

The Hebrew Bible is a book of misinterpreted geography and ancient Arabia, not modern-day Palestine, is the lost biblical land. This might be a bit hard to digest at first, but make no mistake Ancient Arabia is the homeland of all the Israelite stories, most of all the story of the Exodus.

Abrahim or Ivrahim in Arabic & Hebrew, Joseph/Youssef, Moses/ Musa, Solomon, David/Dawood, Nehemiah, and Zachariah are all names of ancient Arabian patriarchal figures shrouded in distant myth more than in real history.

Did you know that the Queen of Sheba who had the most intriguing biblical adventure with King Solomon was a Yemenite monarch? in other words, an ancient Arabian queen.

And if Queen of Sheba had controlled the incense trade route in ancient Arabia, where would that place the Jewish kingdom, geographically speaking, that is? One thing to bear in mind though, present-day Jerusalem did not lie on the ancient incense trade route.

The land stretching from Southwestern Arabia to North Yemen is the lost biblical land of the Cannan Tribe, the real Jerusalem ( Bet Salem), Gesem ( Goshen of Arabia), and most of all, Mizraim ( misinterpreted as the land of ancient Egypt)

What biblical scholars are missing is the fact that the biblical stories of the Israelites are simply ancient Arabian folklore and mythology. They are ancient Arabian oral traditions that had nothing to do with any bible or testament whether old or new. Most importantly those ancient Arabian tales had absolutely nothing to do with ancient Egypt nor its kings.

Linking the stories of the Israelites with ancient Egypt is simply untrue and deceptive. The fake link between the two should be undone. The whole history of the ancient near east will remain twisted and ambiguous till ancient Egypt is disentangled from the Israelite stories and plagues.

It is heartwarming to recently witness a growing western trend that recognizes Saudi Arabia and not Egypt as the original land of the mount of Moses … After all, in Galatians 4:25, Paul the apostle had confirmed that Sinai is a mountain in ancient Arabia, and not in Egypt. It’s a step forward toward realizing the hidden truth behind the story of the Exodus. Still, more research needs to be done to finally take the whole story of Exodus out of ancient Egypt.

Avaris – Tell El Daba’a

One of the keywords in the story of the Exodus is Goshen. Often taken for granted and simply overlooked Goshen will remain a flagrant inconsistency in the biblical narrative about the Exodus.

The land of “Goshen” is named in the Hebrew Bible as the place in Egypt given to the Israelites by the pharaoh of Joseph (Genesis 45:9–10), and the land from which they later left Egypt at the time of the Exodus.

For the sake of convenience, and since biblical scholars & historians had to locate it in Egypt, the name of King Ramses II and his city has been a top contender to act as the biblical land of Goshen. A wild guess that has also proven archeologically unsubstantiated, for the land of Ramses in the Hebrew Bible is simply a flawed translation

“And Joseph placed his father and his brethren, and gave them a possession in the land of Mizraim (Egypt), in the best of the land, in the land of Rameses, as Pharaoh had commanded” Genesis 47:11

Fortunately, we know a lot about the city of Rameses, modern Tell el-Daba (Avaris) in the northeastern Nile delta, since it has been excavated almost continuously since 1966. What historical records have been found there to corroborate the story of the Exodus at ancient Rameses? Exactly nothing.

If the Israelites lived in Egypt for almost 430 years surely archeologists should have stumbled upon a trove of Israelite finds in the ancient city of Ramses, but again nothing was found.

It seems as if biblical archeologists are digging in the wrong place. That’s the hidden truth behind the persistent silence of Egypt about the Exodus, the Ten Plagues, or any Israelites for that matter.

The absence of any archeological finds to validate the historicity of the Exodus is such a heavy burden that should not exclusively rest on the shoulders of archeologists. Biblical scholars and how they interpret the language of the Bible are to blame here in the first place.

Almost all biblical scholars read a translated/distorted version of the Hebrew Bible that had been subjected to a lot of transliteration and variation. Few are those who go back to the ancient Hebrew/Aramaic version or even the Greek version, aka the Septuagint Bible since it was the first & oldest to be translated into Greek in the 3rd century BC. That said, I could safely venture to claim that all the western translations had primarily depended on the Septuagint as its prime source.

According to the Septuagint, Goshen is specifically located not in Egypt, or at the city of Ramses as biblical scholars speculate, but surprisingly in the heart of Arabia:

In Gen 45:10, Joseph tells his brothers:

“You shall settle in the land of Goshen of Arabia (Gesem in the Septuagint), and you shall be near me, you and your children and your children’s children, as well as your flocks, your herds, and all that you have.”

The word Goshen was used only in the Masoretic texts. All other texts as the Septuagint and Vulgate list this word as a variation of the Arabian word ‘Gesen’ like the Saudi region of Gizan (abutting northwestern Yemen) which to this very day still bears the same biblical name. let’s keep that in mind for now.

To make my point easy to grasp, let’s assume that this Goshen is located, as the biblical scholars speculate, in the northeastern part of Egypt. The Israelites lived under tyranny in that Egyptian land of Goshen and when it was time for their miraculous exodus the Israelites fled from Goshen and never came back again.

Let’s apply common sense here regardless of the exact location of Goshen on the ancient world map.

Two million-plus Israelites fleeing for their lives wouldn’t possibly return to the land of their enslavement and suffering.

I mean after the fulfillment of the miracle of the Israelite Exodus the word “ Goshen” should not appear once again in the Hebrew Bible. Goshen should be over and done with, right?

But strangely enough, that’s not what we encounter when examining other books in the Hebrew Bible. Goshen just keeps popping up in the discourse here and there all across the Hebrew Bible. The reappearance of Goshen in the Hebrew scripture indicates another geography for the Israelite stories other than ancient Egypt.

One of the funniest examples is right after Moses fled the Egyptian Goshen and wandered in Sinai for 40 years. Soon after Moses died, Joshua took command and led the Israelites in a series of genocidal wars against the so-called Canaanites.

But then in the book of Joshua we meet this strange verse;

According to Joshua 10:41 and 11:16, Joshua conquered all the land of Goshen’ which was in the region of Gaza and Kadeshbarnea”

Now, this is a bit perplexing. If the Israelites had miraculously fled Goshen, then how come Joshua goes into war with its people? This doesn’t make sense. First of all, the people of Goshen are the Israelites, and secondly, the Israelites had already fled Goshen and not to return once again.

One more bizarre detail is that the book of Joshua describes Goshen as located in the land of Gaza and a place named “Kadeshbarnea” … and not in the eastern Egyptian delta. How strange is that? Pretty strange I suppose.

However, the weirdness doesn’t stop here. In the book of Nehemiah, we once again encounter the mention of Goshen.

“But when Sanballat the Horonite, and Tobiah the servant, the Ammonite, and Geshem/Goshen the Arabian, heard it, they laughed us to scorn, and despised us, and said, What is this thing that ye do? will ye rebel against the king?” Nehemiah 2:19

In this book, Nehemiah recounts his efforts to rebuild the temple after returning to Jerusalem from the Babylonian Captivity. He is doing renovation work to the temple whose walls were broken and doors burnt down.

Nehemiah is consulting the elders of the clans to try and persuade them into contributing to repairing the damaged temple. Instead, they mocked him and got reluctant for they feared the Babylonian king might get upset with this business of renovating the Israelite Temple.

What is weird is that one of the heads of clans consulted by Nehemiah is the head of Goshen of Arabia. Once again and after the Exodus by almost one thousand years we find the Hebrew Bible speaking of Goshen of Arabia.

Now, to resolve this dilemma we should stop viewing “Goshen” as a city or land in ancient Egypt. It is impossible for thousands of Israelites who had just fled Egypt, the land where they have been enslaved, to make a U-turn under the leadership of Joshua and head back to where toiling & tyranny await them once again. It simply defies logic.

One more time, and after almost 1000 years, we find Nehemiah is negotiating with the head of Goshen of Arabia, the same land where the ancient Israelites were captivated. This is bizarre, especially for those who read and try to interpret the Hebrew Bible.

The reemergence of Goshen in Nehemiah yields two options; either the Jews had invaded ancient Egypt, a very amusing and most unlikely scenario, or this land of Goshen is located in different geography like in ancient Arabia, in other words, the lost biblical land.

Goshen was not a land in ancient Egypt but is situated in the heart of Arabia, where other biblical villages and tribes, like the Canaanites, are located near each other and not very far away from the Yemenite Kingdom of Sheba/Saba and the ancient incense trade route

That said, it won’t be that weird to find “the land of Goshen” keeps resurfacing in different books of the Hebrew Bible … for simply it is a genuine location in the ( lost) Arabian biblical geography.

Not before we take the Israelite stories out of ancient Egypt and place them back in their true geography, Goshen of Arabia will continue to puzzle historians & scholars as one of the Bible’s most flagrant inconsistencies.

For more on the Arabian origin of the Israelite stories read Ashraf Ezzat’s Kindle book “ Egypt knew neither Pharaoh nor Moses” … available on Amazon.



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  1. You can either believe in Jesus Christ, or believe in nothing, because if He is not the Son of God, then there is no God and evolution and the Big Bang chaos of nothing reigns.
    But no sane person would believe in nothing.

  2. Frogs are Exodus chapter 8, and frog is the animal for day 8 Tijax and is prominently displayed at the Dendera temple.
    In the Maya creation story the Kukulkan (high priest) had a staff and led the people for 40 years at one point using the staff to cross the river.
    There are many commonalities between the Maya, Egyptian and Arabian or semitic languages. The 13th day of the 20 is aq’ab’al. It is the day of the architects and builders. Zahi Hadid and Frank Loyd Wright among them. It is the cube and the blocks that we use to build. The Dung Beetle is a wonderful architect animal symbol for it, as it can use manure walking backwards to form a near perfect sphere. Exodus is the 20 days twice round by chapter among other things. Very old story, not at all to do with Judaism.

  3. So the account in Genesis of Joseph, son of Jacob [aka Israel] being sold to an Egyptian caravan by his jealous brothers; Joseph interpreting the pharaoh’s dream which eventually made Joseph second in command in Egypt; the 7 years of plenty followed by the 7 years of famine predicted by Joseph; Jacob [Israel] with his entire family including his 12 sons’ families going to Egypt to escape the famine and the account in Exodus of the Israelites leaving Egypt after 400 years of bondage and going back to Canaan eventually conquering all of the Philistines and establishing the state of Israel…
    All this is not true? That the Old Testament is not true?

    • Dr. Ashraf Ezzat— What about Jesus? Is the account of Him in the New Testament true or false?

    • I’m extremely sorry, and I hate to be the one who breaks this to you, but yes, all this is not true. The old testament is a book of lost geography, that had been foolishly misinterpreted by orientalists and western biblical scholars.

    • Consider all the other parallels between the story elements in the tale of Joseph and the story elements in Homer’s Odysseus, although the order of events is different:

      After leaving Troy, Odysseus and his men wind up in Egypt, where they are forced to practice banditry to survive. Pharaoh and his troops rout the forces of Odysseus, and Odysseus, seeing the futility of his position, throws down his armor and runs along the Pharaoh’s chariot asking for hospitality owed to strangers. The Pharaoh (amused?) allows Odysseus into his chariot. and the two become fast friends. After seven years of living a life of luxury as a favorite of the Pharaoh, Odysseus decides to continue on his journey to Ithaca. He embarks on a ship and, while out to sea, the captain, being jealous of the fine clothing furnished to Odysseus by the Pharaoh, has the passenger stripped of his finery and chained below deck. When the ship docks, the captain and crew go out to enjoy a meal. Odysseus’s manages to escape during this time, but later has to endure the wiles of Circe (the Greek antecedent for Potiphar). Later, Odysseus arrives in Ithaca, but has to conceal his identity while plotting revenge against the suitors for Penelope’s hand. While still in disguise, he interprets a dream for Penelope. In the end, he reveals his identity and is able to kill all 108 of the suitors with arrows from his legendary bow.

  4. 1. Bab Al-Mandab is the likely fording place, definitely not the present-day Suez (French Engineer) Canal.
    2. Jabel A-Nabi Shuayeb (Jethro) is 24 hours walk from there and the tallest in the Middle-east.
    3. Ghoshen ~ Kush (phonetically) pointing to the darker skinned people of Eritrea by [1].
    4. Many Hebrews remained in Yemen and eventually became the Jewish Khaibar kingdom which fought with the Mongols against the Persians, and when the Mongols receded, the Persians erased Khaibar.
    5. Many Arabs descend from Jews, like the Quran describes how Moukhammad massacred all the men of Medina (Hebrew for a state) a Jewish-founded trading city-state and impregnated all the women.
    Jaddah and Juarana (Where Al-Aqsa and Al-Idna are located) are also likely Jewish trading-posts.

    • I strongly agree with many of the insightful points you have cleverly outlined. Only I want to make the point that Jews are originally Arabs and that Judaism is an ancient Arabian cult that first appeared in ancient Yemen ( not modern-day Palestine)

  5. SO THEN: Late in the 1970ties or inthe Early in the 1980ies, Saudi Arab royaltyty –thru severallayers of middle.men .. baught into the German weekly news and opinons magazine “Der Spiegel”. Thair sole purpose seemed to me (i lived in Irân under the Shah and in Rehavia of Western al-Quds al-Sharif during those times times) Was to get inserted written stories saying that the Jews were really ancient Arabs and vice versa. ¨– Of course, as we all know, the Saudi Clan was started by a ‘convert’ Jew and supported in their upstart by British agents based i in Truscial Oman/Muscat. and partllyt hroughaout the Gulf of Persia Region. ¨

    • I’m being completely unbiased here ( regarding the Sunni-Shi’a divide) … but the truth of the matter is that Jews are originally ancient Arabians, just as Judaism is an ancient Arabian cult that had no business to do with any testament, whether old or new …

    • Dr. Ashraf Ezzat, it has nothing to do with Shia-Sunni issues, the guy’s talking about Saudi Arabia which is a Wahhabi cult, and their [nasty] Wahhabi ideology is established by the US and the UK and has nothing to do with either Islam or the point you mentioned.

      “Wahhabism” is the creature of the “Zionists”, I can’t even imagine why did you mention the Shia-Sunni while the issue is totally unrelated?

  6. The so-called “Old Testament” was a creation of the Council of Nicea in A.D. 325. The bible that US Christian Zionists use is the Scofield Reference Bible first published in 1909. It has made committed Zionists out of tens of millions of US evangelicals. When John Hagee, the founder of Christians United for Israel (CUFI), said that “50 million evangelical bible-believing Christians unite with five million American [Ashkenazim] standing together on behalf of Israel,” it was the Scofield Bible that he was talking about. They believe that Palestine belongs not to the Palestinians—many of whom are fellow Christians—but exclusively to “God’s chosen people.” May Heaven preserve us all from the wrath of the chosenites.

    • Problem is, 50 million US Christian Zionists are not swayed by evidence or facts. They already believe the Earth was created exactly 6025 years ago and the Sun is its planet. 80% of them voted for Trump in 2020. It was because of them he killed the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action with Iran. It was because of them that he murdered General Soleimani. They are the heart and soul the ReTrumplicans who stormed the US Capitol on 1/6.

    • The Zionist state of Israel was established thru western complicity and distorted biblical history that viewed Palestine as the Israelites’ promised land. Western complicity is still stronger than before and will continue to be so. Only through exposing the distorted historical premise of establishing the Zionist state of Israel will we ever be able to shake the false foundation of the Israeli occupation of Palestine.

    • The evangelists that you’re talking about hadn’t read this part of Torah? Deuteronomy 28: “43 The foreigners who reside among you will rise above you higher and higher, but you will sink lower and lower. 44 They will lend to you, but you will not lend to them. They will be the head, but you will be the tail. 45 All these people will come on you. They will pursue you and overtake you until you are destroyed, “because you did not obey the Lord your God and observe the commands and decrees he gave you.” 46 They will be a sign and a wonder to you and your descendants forever. 47 Because you did not serve the Lord your God joyfully and gladly in the time of prosperity, 48 therefore in hunger and thirst, in nakedness and dire poverty, you will serve the enemies the Lord sends against you. He will put an iron yoke on your neck until he has destroyed you. 49 The Lord will bring a nation against you from far away, from the ends of the earth, like an eagle swooping down, a nation whose language you will not understand….. you are ruined.” Interestingly (Torah has been distorted through the time) says they’re going to be destroyed because of not obeying GOD, and of course God’s laws say not to kill others, not to lie, not to bear false witness, not to covet but all are being done by them!

    • You’re right of course, “50 million US Christian Zionists are not swayed by evidence or facts.” and the bigger problem is that the rest of 280 million “non evangelist” Americans don’t give a damn to reality either (at least a great percent of them, of course not all), and they only believe whatever they are fed through CNN, and the rest of the US’s Zionist propaganda machines.

    • I would be one of those “Christian Zionists”, but I also know that the Earth is a lot older than 6000+ years (try 4.5 billion) and the Universe stand at 13.8 billion year. These facts don’t invalidate or run contrary to my faith as a Christian.

    • Dr. Ashraf Ezzat, and yet you ignore a very large mass of archeological evidence stating otherwise. The fact that “Plaestine” is the land of Israel of the Hebrews is conclusively proven beyond doubt.

    • Irani , and you ignore the rest of that very chapter that talks about God blessing the Israelites / Hebwrews / Jews. You selectively take part of a entire chapter out of context. You need to read it all to be in context … which you are clearly not.

    • Tiger, see, God told the Jews to go to those lands because they were in danger in that time, but never said go and occupy there “forever”, your logic is not true at all, Iran has been ruling 51% of the world one day (Persian Empire), so now we have to attack 51% of the world and take back our lands, cause our ancestors have been living there thousands of years ago? Of course not, this is a totally laughable logic, the Zionists have occupied there, if they care about those lands cause they are holy for them, they can go there and live there but not under a fake Israeli regime, but under a Palestinian regime, Palestinian doesn’t necessarily mean Arab or Muslim, a lot of Jewish Palestinians have been living there before the occupation, they have to hold a referendum and let the Christian, Jewish and Muslim Palestinians all establish a government, and if the problem is that they only want to have a “state” why won’t they ask America to give one of its states to the Zionist Jews? America already has 6 milion jews, with the occupiers they become 12 million, and then everyone would live in peace, ha? Am I not right? Whether the lands are important for them or they want an independent state, there’s several solutions to stop these bloodsheds…. what the apartheid regime does in Palestine is out of humanity….

  7. Excellent article! I too am a grad from med school and enjoy writing music, not ‘just medicine’. Dr’s. Finkelstein and Silbermann hit on many of these ideas in ‘The Bible Unearthed’ and ‘David and Solomon’. I am currently working on material based on Thomas Romer’s book ‘The Invention of God’. Your’s is next on the list.
    What I’d like to see is the archeological find of this Arabian Goshen and put an end to 2K years of pretended nonsense. Is there such an undertaking? As the Dominican preist Roland Devaux stated in 1978, “If the historical faith of Israel isn’t based on history, such faith is erroneous and ours is as well”.

    • Thank you for your comment. I recommend that you read the pioneering work of Professor, Kamal Salibi’s “Bible Came from Arabia” … and for more evidence of the Arabian/Yemenite origin of the Israelite stories, you could read my ebook “ Egypt Knew neither Pharaoh nor Moses” … both books are available on Amazon.

  8. The problem with Dr Ezzat’s wild claims is that there is a vast collection of archeological evidence supporting “Palestine” as the Israel of the Hebrews. This includes clear evidence in Egyptian records dating to the early period of the judges and even earlier evidence that is still under review or that is not coompletely conclusive while still being very strong in support of the biblical narrative.

    • Misses Tiger: I wenture to klaim there were never any Tiger in Arabia, Nor in North Africa, nor in “The holy land” nor im Misr/Gosen of Seductria: Any counter-evidence to the claime of mine that no “Tiger” ever ventured there?

    • JoveBove, you talking mush … if you want to talk real arceheological evidence then let’s so proceed.

    • Conclusively proven beyond any doubt!! I’m baffled.
      .. My dear, even the Israeli historians & archeologists ( Ze’ev Herzog, Israel Finkelstein, and Shlomo Sand) are not only doubting the Biblical narrative about Palestine being the Israelites’ Promised land, but they downright dismiss this connection as historically invalid.

    • Dr Ezzat, actually it is conclusively proven. (1) There are at least three official Egyptian records spanning from the late-Bronze to early-Iron age (ie. 1400 – 1100 BC) where the Egyptian Pharaohic / Monarch officials mention the Israelites / Israel by name and in connection of being in the Canaanite territory. The recent find of Ebal mount Curses metal letter by the ABR archeological team could push this date for the earliest Israelite connection to Canaan back even further. This “letter” mentioned YHWH by name ( a Deity specific only to the Israelites / Hebrews). After the period of the Judges, the evidence is more abundant and telling with mention of Israel and the Israelites as well as many individuals in the biblical narrative (eg. David, Jezebel, Hezekiah, Sennacherib, etc.) in numerous accounts from a number of national groups (eg. Israel & Judah, Moab, Edom, Assyria, Egypt, Babylon, Persians & Medes, etc.).

    • Dr Ezzat cont … (2) Dr Finkelstein’s and Dr Herzog’s work clearly shows the connection between the intermingling of the ancient Canaanites and the Israelite newcomers, an assimilation between the Israelite invaders and the remaining Canaanites after Joshua’s death (an assimilation clearly, but briefly mentioned in the biblical OT book of “Judges”).Dr Finkelstein’s and Dr Herzog’s dismissal of the Exodus account is based primarily on the dating of the event using specific biblical chronological accounts and lack of evidence for the exodus at about 1200 BC. However, more recent debate sets the Exodus date at about 1450 BC or (as I argue) at the end of the last Hyksos “Pharaoh” (Monarch) of the Northern Egyptian kingdom (1600 BC). This agrees strongly with Radiocarbon dating of the Jericho major ash layer and the extensive fire damage at al-Hammam (the Sodom meteor air-burst hypothesis argument being dismissed by many archeologists). Most of the details by Dr Kenyon on Jericho’s fiery utter destruction agree with the biblical account as do Moses’ retaliation on king Balakof Moab just before his death when so dated (al Hammam).

    • Dr Ezzat cont … (3) DrShlomo Sand’s argument is based mostly on questionable linguistic studies, just like Arthur Koestler’s book Thirteenth-Tribe. Both have been conclusively disproven by modern genetic studies (ie. DNA analysis). About a dozen scientific studies from about 1990 – 2010 have clearly shown that the modern Jewish people (Ashkenazi, Sephardim, Mizrahim) are Semites by decent. Later archeological genetics studies (based on DNA extracted from the tooth of a clearly identified Canaanite skeleton – based on method, location and items of the burial) clearly show that the modern Jewish people are strongly related by blood to the ancient Canaanites, with the modern Lebanese being nearly as strongly related to the Canaanites. The studies show a weaker link to the Arabs (more akin to half-brothers) and a similarly weaker connection to the ancient nomadic tribes of Yemen (closer to Arabs). There is also a small significant, more recent European genetic link through the Maternal side (Mitochondrial DNA) to the Ashkenazi Jews likely due to European exile, but this typically makes up less than half the Maternal genetic contribution with the balance being Asiatic (ie. Semitic). There is no appreciable European or Turkish origins genetic connection.

    • Dr Ezzat cont … (4) One last point to consider:- a major component of your argument against the biblical narrative being true is the complete lack on mention of Egypt’s pyramids in the biblical account. You assert, given its extensive mention in one portion of Josephus’s account, and its complete lack in the biblical narrative is clear evidence that the biblical account is myth / fiction. However, the biblical account is not the only ancient document where there is no mention of the pyramids. There is numerous Middle-Eastern Assyrian, Babylonian and Hittite texts (as far I can tell after repeated searches) where there is no mention of the Egyptian pyramids therein. If this is the case, are we now to dismiss all these accounts from numerous national groups, societies and civilizations as mythical even when most have been proven true and accurate accounts by other records and archeological evidence? If no, then why insist on a different unobtainable standard for solely the biblical account. If yes, then there is not a single historical account (including even just recently) that could not be as easily dismissed as myth for such similar gaps in the narratives (no matter what the missing item, object, location or person that gap is or was). The Egyptian pyramids were never included in the biblical narrative as they were not relevant to the narrative of the biblical events in question.

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